Universality means the widest possible coverage of all parameters. And in turn, the widest possible coverage of parameters means that the qualities are, in general, evenly distributed among these parameters with no possibility of special conspicuous features.
Generally and initially, human is a universal being that is compared to a specialized one. But not just specialized one – essentially, there is nothing bad in specialization, but there exists a human being limited with specialization and therefore limited in his/her humaneness. The idea that specialization means harm has always been present and is true in 99% of cases.
It is possible to single out certain meaningful groups of parameters:
- Universal health
- Universal physical qualities
- Universal work of instincts
- Universal alpha qualities
- Universal intelligence (UI)
Continue reading “Universal Intelligence”
Originally Posted At Economic Pravda on July 24, 2018, author – Olena Medvedieva
The construction market has been captured by a system that lives not by the law, but by its own rules. The system consists of a clan of government officials who want to have their share from each construction site, and a clan of major developers who provide this share, but require their interests to be served.
There is an unfortunate sign in big Ukrainian cities: if a large housing development begins at some place, you are in for activists protesting with banners.
Alas, according to the local market rules, even those developers who are willing to offer a high-quality and inexpensive product to the consumer will be forced by other players to break the law and eventually wind up the price.
Continue reading “In Clutches Of Clans. How Construction Mafia Works (In Ukraine)”
During the first six months of the year 2018 the number of illegal migrants to Ukraine increased by 22%.
This was reported by Oleg Slobodian, Press-Secretary of the State Border Service, RBC-Ukraine reports.
At the same time, he noted that the number is not critical.
“For the first half of the year, we are already seeing an increase in the number of illegal migrants, both on the legal and “gray” entry channels, by somewhere around 22%. We are not a supplier of illegal migrants to the European Union, but this is already a trend and we need to get prepared for a further increase of the illegal migrants flow in order to be able to contain it”, Slobodian added.
Earlier it was reported that in the near future Ukraine may face the problem of a sharp increase in the number of illegal migrants who will be trying to get into the European Union through the territory of the country. This was stated by the head of the State Border Service Peter Tsyhykal.
It should also be noted that the head of the European Frontier Service Frontex Fabrice Leggeri expressed concerns about the emergence of a new refugee route to Europe. He stated that more and more migrants are coming to Europe using the route from Morocco to Spain.
Quality is the fundamental of universality.
Variability is the fundamental of specialization.
Specialization is a key to success, but only in a world of competing specializations. For example, there are no sufficient resources to build enough tanks and airplanes. Then someone builds tanks, and someone – airplanes. This is creation of special military branches, or – a cognate word – military breeds. And this is true not only for military forces. The same goes for civil domains, for which relevant breeds of specialists are developed.
Any live species, including man, has been initially specialized through adaptation to the initial conditions of existence in the nature. But the problem with human beings – is that these conditions no longer exist. People have run away from the African savannah, but still have not reached a stable civilization.
Continue reading “Selection. Civilization. Machines. Specialists. Part Eleven”
A population has quality and variability. Quality is responsible for universal characteristics of a human being, and variability – for special ones, i.e. special advantages. Encouragement of variability is launched on the social level with the help of many measures, including refusal from polygamy, woman’s early free choice followed by limitations for women to change husbands etc. Once launched, variability will gain momentum. But variability is an opposite to quality. Accordingly, quality will fall. In the world of competing nations, there has to exist a point of the most efficient correlation between quality and variability. When a nation reaches this point, it becomes successful. But it is unable to stop the growth of variability, and this is what destroys it – through loss of quality.
Continue reading “Specialization vs. Universalization. Civilization. Machines. Specialists. Part Ten”
Society is the immediate life environment of humans. This is a system consisting of people with human being in the center. Beyond the context of this environment, most of the humanistic is generally lost. Society is an environment and a structure, and naturally limits the freedom. But due to the fact that freedoms require backbone structures, most of freedoms are unattainable without society.
The point of attraction of a human being, its attractor is personal fulfillment. A human being may not even want any personal fulfillment, but anyway it turns out somehow that he/she is pursuing it. This way or another, this is fulfillment of programs naturally instilled in humans, including not only purely biological fulfillment, but also cultural one, which occurs out of sublimation of this biological aspect to higher levels of activities. Society is the environment of self-fulfillment.
A human being lives in an environment and is defined through this environment. This environment is a world of struggle between top predators using groups. The first level is the struggle inside one’s own group for domination, the second level is the struggle of the group for resources in the world of struggling groups. Because the objectives are difficult to attain, a human being possesses the necessary physical parameters and intellect for their resolution, and this is a universal intellect for resolving any tasks.
Continue reading “To Society. Civilization. Machines. Specialists. Part Nine”
Human beings can be programmed for most of their parameters, almost completely. Any human being. But certain people, in particular, the so-called mass people, can be programmed to the full. And they are not able to rewrite their programs. A program glitch can happen to one of them and make him/her go nuts. But this will be a glitch beyond their control. Then a question comes up – to what extent are they humans if they can be fully programmed?
Every human being has an area that can be programmed and an area of free will. All people can be programmed because they contain a mechanical part. It looks like we are speaking only about degrees of controlled behavior; but quantity can transform into quality. There are people that can be fully programmed; and it is difficult to say whether they have only mechanical part, or their human part is programmable. (Then it is not fully human?) It turns out that there is a programmable two-legged being without freedom of will, and it has no concept of freedom of choice.
It is assumed that a human being has to have freedom of will in order to use it to manifest its humanity.
Continue reading “Programming People – Civilization. Machines. Specialists. Part Eight.”
It is true that people are limited and very narrow in their sensibility. So narrow that in general they are almost irrational; it is possible to say that people have a specialized sensibility. Like cats and dogs, but in a wider sense. For example, organizing a life without exploitation of others is beyond the limits of their sensibility; it is a great occasion when the world sees no exploitation even for a fleeting moment of time. Broadly speaking, even the questions of survival do not fall within the sensibility zone.
The absolute majority of people live with a careless mother cat’s attitude to its kittens. If I see a problem, I get concerned and protect myself, if I don’t see it – no concerns, no protection. Like cats, people do not react to things beyond their field of vision. A cat has a very narrow one. And people’s field of vision rarely exceeds several generations. “Apres nous le deluge”. What will happen to the descendants? The same thing as to the kittens; maybe they will find their way out somehow. Just like cats, people in their mass never think what kind of world they leave after themselves.
Continue reading “Evident And Indistinct. Civilization. Machines. Specialists. Part Seven”
The question “what is a human being” is immensely vast; looking into its philosophical aspect is another boundless topic for discussion, we do not attempt to give it a complete consideration; it is sufficient to represent it as a multitude of its attributes and oppositions. In this topic it comes in opposition to machines and machine origin. The human against the machine. At the same time we have to abandon any pretensions to create a clear picture; this issue has been mulled over for thousands of years, though the progress is very slow. Yes, there are some landmarks, but no clarity. There is no way of moving forward without trial and error. But certain landmarks are present and we can add some more.
Continue reading “Civilization. Machines. Specialists. Part Six – Human Being”
Machine is a means of fulfillment of a technical operation for production of a commodity or providing a service.
There is a dialectical opposite, the “ends-and-means” dichotomy. A machine is a means; a special means for something. And a human being is a universal purpose (end). So there is the second one – the “universal-special” dichotomy. It is not quite clear, because the ends of one process may serve as means for another; and when there are many processes with reverse causality it is easy to lose one’s bearings.
Machines serve humans. By doing mechanical work, machines free human beings from this mechanical work and thus give them time for freedom: so that humans can realize their freedom of will.
Continue reading “Civilization. Machines. Specialists. Part Five – Ends and Means”