In Clutches Of Clans. How Construction Mafia Works (In Ukraine)

Source: EPravda

Originally Posted At Economic Pravda on July 24, 2018, author – Olena Medvedieva

The construction market has been captured by a system that lives not by the law, but by its own rules. The system consists of a clan of government officials who want to have their share from each construction site, and a clan of major developers who provide this share, but require their interests to be served.

There is an unfortunate sign in big Ukrainian cities: if a large housing development begins at some place, you are in for activists protesting with banners.

Alas, according to the local market rules, even those developers who are willing to offer a high-quality and inexpensive product to the consumer will be forced by other players to break the law and eventually wind up the price.

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Flow of Migrants to Ukraine Increases

During the first six months of the year 2018 the number of illegal migrants to Ukraine increased by 22%.

This was reported by Oleg Slobodian, Press-Secretary of the State Border Service, RBC-Ukraine reports.

At the same time, he noted that the number is not critical.

“For the first half of the year, we are already seeing an increase in the number of illegal migrants, both on the legal and “gray” entry channels, by somewhere around 22%. We are not a supplier of illegal migrants to the European Union, but this is already a trend and we need to get prepared for a further increase of the illegal migrants flow in order to be able to contain it”, Slobodian added.

Earlier it was reported that in the near future Ukraine may face the problem of a sharp increase in the number of illegal migrants who will be trying to get into the European Union through the territory of the country. This was stated by the head of the State Border Service Peter Tsyhykal.

It should also be noted that the head of the European Frontier Service Frontex Fabrice Leggeri expressed concerns about the emergence of a new refugee route to Europe. He stated that more and more migrants are coming to Europe using the route from Morocco to Spain.

source: focus.ua

Selection. Civilization. Machines. Specialists. Part Eleven

Quality is the fundamental of universality.
Variability is the fundamental of specialization.

Specialization is a key to success, but only in a world of competing specializations. For example, there are no sufficient resources to build enough tanks and airplanes. Then someone builds tanks, and someone – airplanes. This is creation of special military branches, or – a cognate word – military breeds. And this is true not only for military forces. The same goes for civil domains, for which relevant breeds of specialists are developed.

Any live species, including man, has been initially specialized through adaptation to the initial conditions of existence in the nature. But the problem with human beings – is that these conditions no longer exist. People have run away from the African savannah, but still have not reached a stable civilization.
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Specialization vs. Universalization. Civilization. Machines. Specialists. Part Ten

A population has quality and variability. Quality is responsible for universal characteristics of a human being, and variability – for special ones, i.e. special advantages. Encouragement of variability is launched on the social level with the help of many measures, including refusal from polygamy, woman’s early free choice followed by limitations for women to change husbands etc. Once launched, variability will gain momentum. But variability is an opposite to quality. Accordingly, quality will fall. In the world of competing nations, there has to exist a point of the most efficient correlation between quality and variability. When a nation reaches this point, it becomes successful. But it is unable to stop the growth of variability, and this is what destroys it – through loss of quality.
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To Society. Civilization. Machines. Specialists. Part Nine

Society is the immediate life environment of humans. This is a system consisting of people with human being in the center. Beyond the context of this environment, most of the humanistic is generally lost. Society is an environment and a structure, and naturally limits the freedom. But due to the fact that freedoms require backbone structures, most of freedoms are unattainable without society.

The point of attraction of a human being, its attractor is personal fulfillment. A human being may not even want any personal fulfillment, but anyway it turns out somehow that he/she is pursuing it. This way or another, this is fulfillment of programs naturally instilled in humans, including not only purely biological fulfillment, but also cultural one, which occurs out of sublimation of this biological aspect to higher levels of activities. Society is the environment of self-fulfillment.

A human being lives in an environment and is defined through this environment. This environment is a world of struggle between top predators using groups. The first level is the struggle inside one’s own group for domination, the second level is the struggle of the group for resources in the world of struggling groups. Because the objectives are difficult to attain, a human being possesses the necessary physical parameters and intellect for their resolution, and this is a universal intellect for resolving any tasks.
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