Quality is the fundamental of universality.
Variability is the fundamental of specialization.
Specialization is a key to success, but only in a world of competing specializations. For example, there are no sufficient resources to build enough tanks and airplanes. Then someone builds tanks, and someone – airplanes. This is creation of special military branches, or – a cognate word – military breeds. And this is true not only for military forces. The same goes for civil domains, for which relevant breeds of specialists are developed.
Any live species, including man, has been initially specialized through adaptation to the initial conditions of existence in the nature. But the problem with human beings – is that these conditions no longer exist. People have run away from the African savannah, but still have not reached a stable civilization.
Continue reading “Selection. Civilization. Machines. Specialists. Part Eleven”
A population has quality and variability. Quality is responsible for universal characteristics of a human being, and variability – for special ones, i.e. special advantages. Encouragement of variability is launched on the social level with the help of many measures, including refusal from polygamy, woman’s early free choice followed by limitations for women to change husbands etc. Once launched, variability will gain momentum. But variability is an opposite to quality. Accordingly, quality will fall. In the world of competing nations, there has to exist a point of the most efficient correlation between quality and variability. When a nation reaches this point, it becomes successful. But it is unable to stop the growth of variability, and this is what destroys it – through loss of quality.
Continue reading “Specialization vs. Universalization. Civilization. Machines. Specialists. Part Ten”
Society is the immediate life environment of humans. This is a system consisting of people with human being in the center. Beyond the context of this environment, most of the humanistic is generally lost. Society is an environment and a structure, and naturally limits the freedom. But due to the fact that freedoms require backbone structures, most of freedoms are unattainable without society.
The point of attraction of a human being, its attractor is personal fulfillment. A human being may not even want any personal fulfillment, but anyway it turns out somehow that he/she is pursuing it. This way or another, this is fulfillment of programs naturally instilled in humans, including not only purely biological fulfillment, but also cultural one, which occurs out of sublimation of this biological aspect to higher levels of activities. Society is the environment of self-fulfillment.
A human being lives in an environment and is defined through this environment. This environment is a world of struggle between top predators using groups. The first level is the struggle inside one’s own group for domination, the second level is the struggle of the group for resources in the world of struggling groups. Because the objectives are difficult to attain, a human being possesses the necessary physical parameters and intellect for their resolution, and this is a universal intellect for resolving any tasks.
Continue reading “To Society. Civilization. Machines. Specialists. Part Nine”
Human beings can be programmed for most of their parameters, almost completely. Any human being. But certain people, in particular, the so-called mass people, can be programmed to the full. And they are not able to rewrite their programs. A program glitch can happen to one of them and make him/her go nuts. But this will be a glitch beyond their control. Then a question comes up – to what extent are they humans if they can be fully programmed?
Every human being has an area that can be programmed and an area of free will. All people can be programmed because they contain a mechanical part. It looks like we are speaking only about degrees of controlled behavior; but quantity can transform into quality. There are people that can be fully programmed; and it is difficult to say whether they have only mechanical part, or their human part is programmable. (Then it is not fully human?) It turns out that there is a programmable two-legged being without freedom of will, and it has no concept of freedom of choice.
It is assumed that a human being has to have freedom of will in order to use it to manifest its humanity.
Continue reading “Programming People – Civilization. Machines. Specialists. Part Eight.”
It is true that people are limited and very narrow in their sensibility. So narrow that in general they are almost irrational; it is possible to say that people have a specialized sensibility. Like cats and dogs, but in a wider sense. For example, organizing a life without exploitation of others is beyond the limits of their sensibility; it is a great occasion when the world sees no exploitation even for a fleeting moment of time. Broadly speaking, even the questions of survival do not fall within the sensibility zone.
The absolute majority of people live with a careless mother cat’s attitude to its kittens. If I see a problem, I get concerned and protect myself, if I don’t see it – no concerns, no protection. Like cats, people do not react to things beyond their field of vision. A cat has a very narrow one. And people’s field of vision rarely exceeds several generations. “Apres nous le deluge”. What will happen to the descendants? The same thing as to the kittens; maybe they will find their way out somehow. Just like cats, people in their mass never think what kind of world they leave after themselves.
Continue reading “Evident And Indistinct. Civilization. Machines. Specialists. Part Seven”
The question “what is a human being” is immensely vast; looking into its philosophical aspect is another boundless topic for discussion, we do not attempt to give it a complete consideration; it is sufficient to represent it as a multitude of its attributes and oppositions. In this topic it comes in opposition to machines and machine origin. The human against the machine. At the same time we have to abandon any pretensions to create a clear picture; this issue has been mulled over for thousands of years, though the progress is very slow. Yes, there are some landmarks, but no clarity. There is no way of moving forward without trial and error. But certain landmarks are present and we can add some more.
Continue reading “Civilization. Machines. Specialists. Part Six – Human Being”
Machine is a means of fulfillment of a technical operation for production of a commodity or providing a service.
There is a dialectical opposite, the “ends-and-means” dichotomy. A machine is a means; a special means for something. And a human being is a universal purpose (end). So there is the second one – the “universal-special” dichotomy. It is not quite clear, because the ends of one process may serve as means for another; and when there are many processes with reverse causality it is easy to lose one’s bearings.
Machines serve humans. By doing mechanical work, machines free human beings from this mechanical work and thus give them time for freedom: so that humans can realize their freedom of will.
Continue reading “Civilization. Machines. Specialists. Part Five – Ends and Means”
It is known, since the times of Descartes, that animals are machines. Because they fulfill their instinctive programs. You can give an animal a new program, which would suppress the instinct – but this would be only another program. An animal is predictable, except for the cases of breakdown. In fact, it is predictable in cases of breakdown too, though, we have not yet learnt to practically predict it, however, the issue has been resolved in theory.
An animal does not have a free choice. In the process of observing the surrounding world, its instincts switch into play; and the one with the highest priority is carried out. The priorities are written down in advance in a separate program, and this program is a substitute of a free will. It imitates free will as well.
Animals and insects express their will, but they have no free will. In the absence of a reflecting mind, their will is only an integral result of the work of programs and instincts.
Continue reading “Civilization. Machines. Specialists. Part Four – Animals”
A machine is a system for resolving a technical task. A system is a complex of interacting elements.
When a machine is created, it has certain embedded tasks. Machine is a multitude, complex of inertial elements, emerging and stretching from those sometimes long forgotten tasks. This is a continuation of something, moreover, a predefined continuation, a programmed one, it is possible to say. A machine develops out of something and with a certain goal, and this development is not independent.
A usual image of a machine is a power tool. Another popular image is a car or something car-like. A locomotive also looks like one. It is possible to find more various machines in the surrounding realities than there appear to be. For example, an agricultural field is also a machine, and a human being is its operator. You put seeds into this machine, where they are multiplied: a multiplier machine, replicator machine. And animals are also machines. It is possible to turn a person into machine as well. Or a group of people.
Continue reading “Civilization. Machines. Specialists. Part Three – Program”