In this text, the Spengler’s system is used as the historic and historiosophic basis – purely due to the absence of practicable alternatives. The world has its own chronology. A civilization has a beginning. Most of the historical civilizations also have their ending. From the beginning to the end, a civilization is a temporal space of events – from the moment, when the world (and in this context it’s also a civilization) becomes better, until it gets worse and dies.
In the Spengler’s framework, the initial live culture (the first part of civilization) is set against the late dying civilization (the second part). The graph goes up in the beginning, when in general everything is better, and then falls down. And its peak is surrounded by all the cultural achievements, including nation as a highest social achievement.
Civilization finds.. the city/national bourgeoisie.. ready and destroys it with the fourth class, the mass, that bluntly denies culture with its limited forms. (c) Spengler
Spengler’s idea – exhaustion of projects and consequential “metaphysical fatigue”; after reaching the peaks, there’s only one way – down. This is good and clear for understanding, but not enough for a clear physical picture. Loss of biological qualities is physically more accurate, but then a question comes up: why are these qualities overwhelmingly degrading, what is the physics behind the process?