Each of the eleventh grades of the Kyiv school number 329 accommodates 43 students.
Each of the seventh grades of the Kyiv “Kyivan Rus” Gymnasium accommodates 37 students.
Each of the third grades of the Slavic Gymnasium accommodates 38 schoolchildren.
Each of the ninth grades of the School number 62 accommodates 36 pupils.
Most of Kyiv schools have much more than 30 students in a class, which is directly prohibited by the law on secondary education.
Many years ago, schools and kindergartens in Kyiv have exceeded the norms determined by the law – up to 30 students per class and up to 20 children per kindergarten group.
However, the problem of overcrowding in schools and kindergartens is not only far from being resolved, it is getting aggravated from year to year at a catastrophic pace.
The reason is that Kyiv is a place of development of a large number of residential real estate while schools and kindergartens envisaged for these houses remain on paper.
In order to cover the existing shortage of training places in schools and kindergartens, Kyiv currently needs to start building at least 57 schools and 70 kindergartens at the same time, which would cost approximately UAH 8-22 billion.
In addition, every year Kyiv should commission up to 10 more schools and up to 16 kindergartens to the amount of UAH 1-4 billion.
Economic Pravda is publishing an analytical article that explains why the capital of the country is already lacking at least 57 schools and 70 kindergartens, why Kyiv must build at least 10 more schools and up to 16 kindergartens each year, why developers are commissioning each year 20 thousands of new apartments, but would not build any kindergartens next to them, who is responsible for the degradation of the system of preschool and school education in the capital of Ukraine and what is to be done about it.
A good example: 8,000 apartments are ready – but 3 schools and 3 kindergartens are missing
In the Kyiv’s Osokorky district, six residential complexes have been partially built:
Residential complex Riviera (3 buildings),
Residential complex Zarichnyi (6 buildings with 2080 apartments)
Slavutych residential complex (5 buildings with 1204 apartments),
Slavutych 2.0 residential complex (6 buildings with 476 apartments),
Residential complex Seven (6 buildings with 2318 apartments)
RC RiverStone (9 buildings with 1380 apartments).
In total, the residential complexes consist of 35 multi-storey buildings. They will have about 8 thousand apartments.
Permission for the construction of each house was provided by the mayor of Kyiv and deputies of the Kyiv City Council.
The construction permit was given on the condition that for the residents of these new buildings there will be built three schools for 2,200 children and 5 kindergartens for 725 children nearby.
This condition – to build houses alongside with schools and kindergartens for their residents – is included in the state building regulations.
At the moment, some of the thirty-five residential buildings are inhabited, while others are in the process of construction.
However, the construction of three schools never begun.
Moreover, low-rise private residential buildings are in the place where schools should be located according to the plan of the area development.
People living in these low-rise private residential buildings do not even suspect that someone has planned the construction of a school on the site of their homes.
Our paper’s reporter visited the construction site and talked to the residents of the houses where the school should be built.
The situation with kindergartens is the same.
On the sites planned for the three separate kindergartens there are private houses with residents.
Only two kindergartens have been opened according to the building plan.
Both of them are located on the ground floors of high-rise apartment buildings that have already been built. These are private kindergartens with a small number of places.
In order to understand the causes and extent of the deep crisis of the school and preschool education systems, it is necessary to analyze such indicators as city’s population growth dynamics, residential construction dynamics, dynamics of the number of pupils of secondary schools and preschool educational institutions.
In December 2018, 2.9 million people resided in Kyiv officially, and 4 million unofficially.
Every year, the officially registered population of Kyiv is growing by an average of 20.6 thousand people. This is indicated by the data of the State Statistics Service.
The population is growing due to the difference between the born and the deceased residents, as well as at the expense of the difference between the people who arrive in the city and those who leave it.
The service receives data for the first category of residents from the Ministry of Justice, and for the second – from the State Migration Service.
Within the age group of 0-6 years, the population is growing on average by 7.5 thousand people per year.
In the age group of 6-18 years, the population growth went from a high negative trend until 2012 to a high growth rate of 8-9 thousand people per year.
Every year, Kyiv’s developers put into operation an average of 20 thousand apartments.
If we do not take into account 1-2-storey residential buildings, half or more than half of the residential buildings put into operation are houses of 16 floors and above.
What happens to the new 20 thousand apartments? Are they all sold? Do people live in all these apartments?
According to the estimates of Denis Sedakov, a representative of the real estate agency New City Developers, 60-70% of the apartments are bought before commissioning, 30-40% after commissioning.
During the first year, 40-60% of a house gets occupied, during the second year, the population of the house is 70-80%. According to Sedakov, 95% of the buyers of new real estate in Kyiv are Kyivans.
However, the proportion of Kyivans and people coming from other places around the house varies depending on location of the building.
If a new residential building is located far from the subway, outside walking distance, 95% of the buyers are Kyiv residents.
If the house is located within walking distance to the metro, the share of non-Kyiv buyers can reach 20-25%.
Over the past 7 years, according to the State Statistics Service, the number of schools in Kyiv has decreased by 32 units.
At the same time, the Department of Education and Science of Kyiv says not a single institution of general secondary education has been closed in Kyiv for the period 2015-2018.
“The reduction in the number of general institutions of secondary education occurred due to the reorganization of kindergartens into preschool education institutions,” the department said.
At the same time, the number of pupils in general educational institutions in Kyiv in the last four years has been growing by an average of 10 thousand every year.
The number of primary school students (grades 1-4) in Kyiv is growing by 4-5 thousand every year.
At the same time, the number of general education seats put into operation in Kyiv is growing by an average of up to 1,000 seats, and in 2015-2016 it increased by only 300 and 400 seats, respectively.
This is despite the fact that in the same years the number of students increased by 13 thousand and 11.5 thousand people, respectively.
Simultaneously with the growth in the number of children in the age group of 0-6 years, a rapid decline in the number of kindergartens occurred in Kyiv. In 2014, 71 kindergartens disappeared, in 2015 – 24.
The rapid reduction in the number of kindergartens and the simultaneous increase in the number of children there has led to the fact that in 2016, 125 children occupied to 100 places in an average preschool institution.
And in the Darnytskyi district, 143 children were using the calculated 100 places.
It is important to note that the 143 children who filled the actual 100 places in kindergarten were only 65% of the kindergarten children who actually lived in the service area.
In other words, 143 children applied for 100 kindergarten places with coverage being only 65% of children.